Real gross domestic product (GDP) accelerated in the first quarter of 2013, increasing 2.5 percent after increasing 0.4 percent in the fourth quarter of 2012, according to estimates released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
The pick up in real GDP growth was largely accounted for by a rebound in inventory investment, mainly reflecting an upturn in manufacturing and a smaller decrease in wholesale trade. Farm inventory investment also picked up. In addition, consumer spending accelerated, primarily reflecting a pick up in spending for services (mainly household utilities), and exports rebounded, mainly due to upturns in foods, feeds, and beverages and in nonautomotive capital goods.
In contrast, imports turned up, reflecting in part an upturn in nonpetroleum industrial supplies and materials. Also, business investment slowed, reflecting a slowdown in equipment and software (mainly in information processing) and a downturn in structures.
Personal income and personal saving
Real disposable personal income, which adjusts for inflation and taxes, fell 5.3 percent in the first quarter after rising 6.2 percent in the fourth quarter. The change reflected the following:
• A downturn in dividend payments, after companies accelerated payments to the fourth quarter.
• An acceleration in contributions for social insurance, which are subtracted when calculating personal income, due to the expiration of the “payroll tax holiday.”
The personal saving rate—saving as a percent of disposable personal income—was 2.6 percent in the first quarter, compared with 4.7 percent in the fourth quarter.
Prices of goods and services purchased by U.S. residents slowed in the first quarter, increasing 1.1 percent after increasing 1.6 percent in the fourth quarter of 2012.
Energy prices turned down, and food prices slowed slightly. Prices less food and energy increased 1.3 percent after increasing 1.2 percent.
For more on GDP, read the full report.