Real gross domestic product (GDP) decreased 2.9 percent in the first quarter of 2014, according to the “third” estimate released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the fourth quarter of 2013, real GDP increased 2.6 percent.
The decline in real GDP was largely accounted for by significant declines in nonfarm inventory investment and in net exports.
In addition, state and local government spending, business investment, and housing investment also contributed to the real GDP decline.
The first-quarter real GDP growth rate was revised down 1.9 percentage points from the second estimate released in May, based on newly available source data.
- Consumer spending was revised down, primarily reflecting a downward revision to services, mainly to health care.
- Exports of goods were revised down, reflecting revisions to industrial supplies and materials and to foods, feeds, and beverages. Exports of services were also revised down.
- Imports of goods were revised up, mainly non-auto capital goods as well as vehicles, engines, and parts. Imports of services were also revised up, mainly travel services.
BEA’s featured measure of corporate profits declined 9.1 percent at a quarterly rate in the first quarter, after increasing 2.2 percent in the previous quarter, according to updated estimates. The decline was the largest since the fourth quarter of 2008.
- Profits of nonfinancial corporations fell 8.0 percent after rising 1.5 percent.
- Profits of financial corporations fell 15.1 percent after rising 1.3 percent.
- Profits from the rest of the world fell 5.8 percent after rising 5.5 percent.
Over the last 4 quarters, corporate profits fell 2.2 percent.