Archive for the 'BEA News' Category



New BEA Data Provide Entrepreneurs with a Fortune 500 Research Department

Is consumer spending growing faster in North Dakota or North Carolina? How do consumers in different regions respond to economic downturns? Which state has the fastest growing consumer market for motor vehicles?

Some Fortune 500 companies have research departments to help answer these questions, but new BEA data on consumer spending broken out by state – released in August – provide startups and entrepreneurs with crucial insight into consumer behavior at the state level. In December 2015, we are planning to release a fresh batch of consumer spending by state statistics that will cover the year 2014 as well as some earlier years.

The prototype Personal Consumption Expenditure by state statistics are designed to be used in conjunction with other macroeconomic and regional data we produce, like statistics on Gross Domestic Product by State and State Personal Income.  This suite of statistics can offer entrepreneurs a better understanding of what’s driving or restraining economic activity at the state level, and thus inform their decisions about things like investing, financing, locating and hiring.

The Bureau of Economic Analysis’ experimental consumer spending by state statistics were released on Aug. 7 and covered the years from 1997 to 2012. So the fresh batch of statistics that will be out next year will be more up to date.

The state data on consumer spending use the same product definitions as our national statistics on consumer spending, making them consistent. Given the limited availability of source data at the regional level, the new consumer spending by state statistics do not provide the same level of category detail that BEA currently makes available at the national level.

The new statistics also use the same residency concepts that we use in our state income data, allowing entrepreneurs and other users to compare people’s income and spending in each state.

These new estimates are just one way that BEA is innovating to better measure the 21st Century economy. In April, we introduced real (inflation-adjusted) estimates of personal income for states and metropolitan areas as well as new quarterly statistics on GDP broken out by industry. On August 20, we released prototype estimates of quarterly GDP by state, which also breaks out GDP by Industry. Providing businesses and individuals with new data tools like these is a priority of the Commerce Department’s “Open for Business Agenda.”

Widespread Industry Growth Drives Upturn in GDP in Second Quarter

Widespread industry growth drove the U.S. economy’s second-quarter rebound, with 19 of the 22 industry groups tracked contributing 6.7 percentage points to real Gross Domestic Product. Finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing; manufacturing; and agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting led the way.

Real GDP increased 4.6 percent in the second quarter, after decreasing 2.1 percent in the first quarter.

Real Value Added by Industry

Real value added —a measure of an industry’s contribution to GDP—for finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing increased 2.7 percent in the second quarter, after decreasing 4.1 percent in the first

quarter. The upturn was primarily concentrated in the finance and insurance sector, which includes banking, brokerage and other types of financial services.  Real gross output for the finance and insurance sector – a measure of an industry’s sales or receipts adjusted for inflation – increased 2.7 percent in the second quarter, after increasing 2.3 percent.

Real value added for the manufacturing sector also turned up, increasing 6.8 percent, after decreasing 1.3 percent in the first quarter. Durable-goods manufacturing, which includes motor vehicle manufacturing and computer and electronic product manufacturing, led the overall upturn in manufacturing, increasing 8 percent in the second quarter, after decreasing 4.5 percent.  Similarly, real gross output for durable-goods manufacturing increased 7.3 percent, after decreasing 2.7 percent in the first quarter.

Real value added for the agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector increased 14.2 percent.  The sector’s real gross output also rebounded in the second quarter, increasing 6.3 percent, after falling 19.9 percent.

Quarterly GDP by industry statistics, including value added, gross output, and intermediate inputs, can be accessed in BEA’s Interactive Data Application at www.bea.gov/itable/.

September 2014 Trade Gap is $43.0 Billion

The U.S. monthly international trade deficit increased in September 2014 according to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and the U.S. Census Bureau. The deficit increased from $40.0 billion in August (revised) to $43.0 billion in September, mainly reflecting a decrease in exports. The previously published August deficit was $40.1 billion. The goods deficit increased $2.4 billion from August to $62.7 billion in September; the services surplus decreased $0.6 billion from August to $19.6 billion in September.

balance on Goods and Services
Exports

Exports of goods and services decreased $3.0 billion in September to $195.6 billion, mostly reflecting a decrease in exports of goods. Exports of services also decreased.

  • The decrease in exports of goods was more than accounted for by decreases in industrial supplies and materials, in capital goods, and in consumer goods. An increase in foods, feeds, and beverages was partly offsetting.
  • The decrease in exports of services mostly reflected decreases in travel (for all purposes including education) and in transport, which includes freight and port services and passenger fares. Changes in the other categories of services exports were relatively small and nearly offsetting.

Imports
Imports of goods and services increased $0.1 billion in September to $238.6 billion, reflecting an increase in imports of services. Imports of goods decreased.

  • The increase in imports of services mostly reflected an increase in transport. Changes in the other categories of services imports were relatively small.
  • The decrease in imports of goods was more than accounted for by decreases in industrial supplies and materials, in capital goods, and in automotive vehicles, parts, and engines. An increase in consumer goods was partly offsetting.

Goods by geographic area (seasonally adjusted, Census basis)

  • The goods deficit with China increased from $28.5 billion in August to $31.2 billion in September. Exports decreased $0.1 billion to $9.8, and imports increased $2.6 billion to $41.0 billion.
  • The goods deficit with Canada increased from $2.7 billion in August to $4.0 billion in September. Exports decreased $0.6 billion to $26.3 billion, and imports increased $0.7 billion to $30.3 billion.
  • The goods deficit with Germany decreased from &7.2 billion in August to $6.2 billion in September. Exports increased $0.1 billion to $4.2 billion, and imports decreased $0.8 billion to $10.4 billion.

Read the full report.