Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased 2.8 percent in the third quarter of 2013, according to the “advance” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the second quarter, the growth rate was 2.5 percent.
The third-quarter growth reflected the following:
• Imports decelerated. Nonauto consumer goods turned down, and autos and auto parts decelerated. In contrast, nonpetroleum industrial supplies turned up.
• Inventory investment picked up. Wholesale trade, especially durable goods, more than accounted for the pick up. Manufacturing inventory investment also accelerated.
• State and local government spending accelerated. Investment in structures turned up.
In contrast, the following decelerated in the third quarter: exports (mainly nonauto consumer goods and nonauto capital goods), business investment (mainly information processing equipment), and consumer spending (mainly housing and utilities as well as health care).
Personal income and personal saving
Real disposable personal income (DPI), which adjusts for taxes and inflation, increased 2.5 percent in the third quarter after increasing 3.5 percent in the second quarter. The slowdown in real DPI reflected an upturn in consumer prices that was partly offset by an acceleration in current-dollar DPI.
Personal saving as a percent of DPI was 4.7 percent in the third quarter, compared with 4.5 percent in the second quarter.
Prices of goods and services purchased by U.S. residents accelerated in the third quarter, increasing 1.8 percent after increasing 0.2 percent in the second quarter.
Energy goods and services prices turned up, accounting for much of the third-quarter pickup in gross domestic purchases prices. In particular, consumer spending on gasoline and other energy goods turned up.
Food prices accelerated modestly.
Prices less food and energy increased 1.5 percent after increasing 0.8 percent.
For more on GDP, read the full report.