GDP Growth Moderates in Third Quarter

Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased 3.5 percent in the third quarter of 2014, according to the “advance” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the second quarter, real GDP increased 4.6 percent.

Third-quarter highlightsQ2Q Growth in Real GDP
The deceleration in GDP growth was more than accounted for by inventory investment, which detracted from growth in the third quarter after adding to it in the second quarter.

In addition:

  • Consumer spending decelerated, increasing 1.8 percent after increasing 2.5 percent. Spending on nondurable and durable goods both slowed, while services picked up.
  • Business investment rose but not as much as in the second quarter. Investment in structures, equipment, and intellectual property products slowed.
  • Exports of goods and services decelerated.

In contrast, imports declined in the third quarter after increasing significantly in the second quarter, reflecting downturns in nonautomotive consumer goods and in industrial supplies and materials.

Personal income and personal saving
Real disposable personal income (DPI), which adjusts for taxes and inflation, rose 2.7 percent in the third quarter after increasing 4.4 percent in the second quarter.

Personal saving as a percentage of DPI increased to 5.5 percent in the third quarter from 5.4 percent in the second quarter.

Pricesq2q
Prices of goods and services purchased by U.S. residents increased 1.3 percent in the third quarter after increasing 2.0 percent in the second quarter.

Prices of energy goods and services turned down in the third quarter, and food prices slowed.

Excluding food and energy, gross domestic purchase prices increased 1.5 percent in the third quarter after increasing 1.7 percent in the second quarter.

Read the full report.


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