Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased 2.1 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016, according to the “third” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the third quarter, real GDP increased 3.5 percent.
Fourth‐quarter GDP highlights
The increase in real GDP reflected an increase in consumer spending, private inventory
investment, residential investment, business investment, and state and local government spending. These contributions were partly offset by declines in exports and federal government spending. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased.
The upward revision to real GDP growth was more than accounted for by an upward revision
to consumer spending, largely in services. This upward revision was partly offset by downward revisions to business investment and to exports.
Prices of goods and services purchased by U.S. residents increased 2.0 percent in the fourth quarter after increasing 1.5 percent in the third quarter. Excluding energy and food, prices rose 1.6 percent after increasing 1.7 percent.
Profits increased 0.5 percent at a quarterly rate in the fourth quarter after increasing 5.8 percent in the third quarter.
Profits of nonfinancial corporations decreased 4.9 percent in the fourth quarter, profits of financial corporations increased 5.4 percent, and profits from the rest of the world increased 11.0 percent.
For more information, read the full report.