GDP Increases in Fourth Quarter

Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased 2.5 percent in the fourth quarter of 2017, according to the “second” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the third quarter, real GDP increased 3.2 percent.

Fourth-quarter GDP highlightsGrowth Real GDP
The increase in real GDP reflected an increase in consumer spending, exports, business investment, housing investment, as well as state and local and federal government spending. These contributions were partly offset by a decline in inventory investment. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased.

RevisionsPercent Change GDP
The downward revision to real GDP growth reflected a downward revision to consumer spending on goods, and a small downward revision to inventory investment. These downward revisions were partly offset by upward revisions to
consumer spending on services and to housing investment.

Prices of goods and services purchased by U.S.
residents increased 2.5 percent in the fourth
quarter after increasing 1.7 percent in the third
quarter. Excluding energy and food, prices rose 1.9
percent after increasing 1.6 percent.

Annual GDP growthAnnual Growth Feb 28
For the year 2017, real GDP increased 2.3 percent, compared with 1.5 percent in 2016.  The increase in real GDP in 2017 reflected increases in consumer spending, business investment, exports, housing investment, and government spending.


These contributions were partly offset by a decline in inventory investment. Imports increased.

For more information, read the full report.

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