Archive for the 'BEA' Category

In-depth Data on Foreign Investment Get an Update

The Bureau of Economic Analysis has updated its most detailed data on foreign-owned businesses in the United States, providing an extraordinary level of detail for researchers and others interested in the effects of foreign direct investment in U.S. states and specific industries.

The new data reflect industry categories applied down to the level of individual establishments – such as each foreign-owned office, factory, or hotel – for the year 2007. The statistics are the result of a periodic, complex project that merges BEA and Census Bureau datasets. Although the resulting statistics are produced with a time lag, there is unique value in their in-depth look at foreign investment by industry, state, and country of ownership.

The establishment-level data is broken down into more than 1,000 industry categories, compared with about 200 industry categories in other BEA data on foreign direct investment.

For all foreign-owned establishments, there are statistics on employment, payroll and shipping or sales. There are additional statistics for manufacturing establishments, including value added, total compensation of employees, employee benefits, hourly wage rates of production workers, and expenditures for new plants and equipment.

For example, 2,237 people worked in foreign-owned seafood processing plants in Alaska in 2007. There were 400 French-owned clothing stores in the United States. And shipments or sales from Japanese-owned establishments in Indiana were valued at $23.2 billion.

The project links BEA’s less-detailed data on foreign-owned companies with Census’ establishment-level data on all companies in the United States. The previous release of establishment data for foreign direct investment covered 2002.

A U.S. business is defined as a foreign-owned U.S. affiliate if it is owned 10 percent or more, either directly or indirectly, by a foreign entity.

Finance and Insurance Led Growth in the Fourth Quarter

Finance and insurance; retail trade; and professional, scientific, and technical services were the leading contributors to the increase in U.S. economic growth in the fourth quarter of 2016. Overall, 19 of 22 industry groups contributed to the 2.1 percent increase in real GDP in the fourth quarter.

GDP By industry April 21 2017

  • Finance and insurance increased 6.3 percent in the fourth quarter, after increasing 9.0 percent in the third quarter.
  • Retail trade increased 5.7 percent, after increasing 2.6 percent.
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services increased 3.6 percent, after increasing 2.6 percent.

Real Value Added by Industry April 21 2017

For more information, read the full report.

BEA’s API Expands Access to International Services Trade Data

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More good news for developers and other “power users” of BEA data: The most detailed data on U.S. international trade in services published by the Bureau of Economic Analysis are now accessible through our application programming interface, or API. This includes detailed annual statistics on U.S. trade in services by type of service for 90 countries and areas, including new estimates of trade related to information and communications technology. Previously, only the more aggregated trade in services statistics released as part of the U.S. international transactions accounts were available through BEA’s API.

The new API dataset is named “IntlServTrade.” The statistics in this dataset correspond to data on trade in services presented in tables 1.1 through 3.3 of the International Services data available through BEA’s interactive data application. Data presented in International Services tables 4.1 through 5.4 on services supplied through affiliates of multinational enterprises are not included in this API dataset. Appendix M, under the DataSet Reference section in the API User Guide, provides a short description and example API calls for this new dataset.

BEA’s API provides developers and analysts a mechanism to search, display, analyze, retrieve, or view BEA statistics. For example, researchers can use BEA’s International Services data along with services trade data from other countries to make international comparisons of trade in services. Or developers may design a new tool to visualize BEA’s economic data. The API includes methods for retrieving subsets of BEA statistical data and their meta-data using HTTPS requests. It delivers data in two industry-standard formats: XML (Extensible Markup Language) and JSON (JavaScript Object Notation).

To use the API, you need to register first. Full documentation is available in the API User Guide.

BEA’s API is just one way BEA is supporting open data. Visit BEA’s Open Data site for a complete listing of BEA’s datasets in a machine readable JSON format, along with access to downloadable datasets and other data tools.

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