Archive for the 'U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis' Category

BEA’s API Expands Access to International Services Trade Data

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More good news for developers and other “power users” of BEA data: The most detailed data on U.S. international trade in services published by the Bureau of Economic Analysis are now accessible through our application programming interface, or API. This includes detailed annual statistics on U.S. trade in services by type of service for 90 countries and areas, including new estimates of trade related to information and communications technology. Previously, only the more aggregated trade in services statistics released as part of the U.S. international transactions accounts were available through BEA’s API.

The new API dataset is named “IntlServTrade.” The statistics in this dataset correspond to data on trade in services presented in tables 1.1 through 3.3 of the International Services data available through BEA’s interactive data application. Data presented in International Services tables 4.1 through 5.4 on services supplied through affiliates of multinational enterprises are not included in this API dataset. Appendix M, under the DataSet Reference section in the API User Guide, provides a short description and example API calls for this new dataset.

BEA’s API provides developers and analysts a mechanism to search, display, analyze, retrieve, or view BEA statistics. For example, researchers can use BEA’s International Services data along with services trade data from other countries to make international comparisons of trade in services. Or developers may design a new tool to visualize BEA’s economic data. The API includes methods for retrieving subsets of BEA statistical data and their meta-data using HTTPS requests. It delivers data in two industry-standard formats: XML (Extensible Markup Language) and JSON (JavaScript Object Notation).

To use the API, you need to register first. Full documentation is available in the API User Guide.

BEA’s API is just one way BEA is supporting open data. Visit BEA’s Open Data site for a complete listing of BEA’s datasets in a machine readable JSON format, along with access to downloadable datasets and other data tools.

Consumer Spending Rises in November

Personal income was unchanged in November after increasing 0.5 percent in October.consumer-spending-chart-dec-22 Wages and salaries, the largest component of personal income, decreased 0.1 percent in November after increasing 0.5 percent in October.

Current-dollar disposable personal income (DPI), after-tax income, was unchanged in November after increasing 0.5 percent in October.

Real DPI, income adjusted for taxes and inflation, decreased 0.1 percent in November after increasing 0.2 percent in October.

Real consumer spending (PCE), spending adjusted for price changes, increased 0.1 percent in November—the same increase as in October. Spending on durable goods decreased 0.1 percent in November after increasing 1.1 percent in October.

PCE prices were unchanged in November after increasing 0.3 percent in October. Excluding food and energy, PCE prices were unchanged in November after increasing 0.1 percent in October.

Personal saving rate
Personal saving as a percent of DPI was 5.5 percent in November and 5.7 percent in October.

For more information, read the full report.

real-disposable-personal-income-dec-22

 

County GDP Stats Would Give a Closer Look at Local Economies

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Anyone interested in economic growth in, let’s say, West Virginia can check state GDP data from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Want to zoom in on a metro area, such as Charleston, W.Va., and its surroundings? BEA has gross domestic product by metropolitan areas, too.

But what if you’re interested in the Marcellus Shale natural gas field that stretches beneath West Virginia and into several other states?  The Marcellus doesn’t follow state lines, or stick to metropolitan areas. How to measure its economic footprint?

BEA is exploring an idea that would be a big help: county-by-county GDP.

A recent study by BEA economists concluded that producing statistics on the performance of the nation’s more than 3,000 counties would provide a much fuller picture of U.S. economic activity. That’s because the experiences of many counties don’t match statewide economic patterns or what’s happening in the nearest cities.

In the case of the Marcellus Shale, county GDP statistics could enable data users to map the natural resources and mining industry in that region by combining data from selected counties in West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York and surrounding states.blog-county-map-marcellus-3

Other potential benefits of producing county GDP include:

  • Aiding efforts to attract jobs and investment. Officials who plan local economic development efforts currently rely on BEA’s county-level personal income statistics. Adding a measure of the value of the goods and services produced in each county would give policymakers a much more complete picture of a county’s needs and its economic strengths and weaknesses.
  • Capturing the local impact of industries. That could mean charting the growing value of housing services during a tourism boom in Teton County, Wyo., for example, or seeing the economic differences between Texas counties with lots of manufacturing and those that rely more on oil and gas.
  • Revealing long-term trends. Studying county GDP data over time could show how well an incentive program has worked to draw in new businesses, or document how the economic structure of Lincoln County, Mont., changed as the population aged.
  • Improving other BEA statistics. The new methodologies and data needed to produce reliable county statistics also would provide better detail for state and metro area GDP.

BEA economists are researching the data acquisition, methodologies and modeling techniques that could be used to add counties to the agency’s stable of national, state and metro GDP statistics.  For more about this effort, see the paper titled “A Research Agenda for Measuring GDP at the County Level” on BEA’s website or read the summary in the Survey of Current Business.

BEA wants to hear what data users think about the proposed methodologies and other issues surrounding development of GDP by county. Email your comments or questions to gdpbycounty@bea.gov.


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